3 Important Factors That Could Lower Prison Population


Source: wikimedia.org


A lot of lawmakers have proposed methods to reduce the incarceration rate. However, up until now, the percentage of people going to prison is still rising. It even doubled up in numbers for the past 25 years. And every year the government funds the incarceration facilities billions of dollars only to manage and sustain its operation. Unfortunately, that is billions of taxpayers’ money that continuously go down the drain. Since the rise of incarceration rates does not positively affect the public, safety becomes an issue.

The number of younger age going to prison also increases over time. The criminal justice system of the United States is still leaning on the two-decade-old policy that seems to be ineffective over the years. Fortunately, modern lawmakers have proposed strategies and ways to reduce the incarceration rate drastically in the country. Here are the three essential factors that grabbed the attention of the lawmakers


Education Opportunities

Long-term research from the International Youth Development Study (IYDS) found that younger people unfortunate of getting access to education were much more likely to develop anti-social behavior. Therefore, they have a greater tendency to engage in criminal or violent activities. The data shows that most people put into incarceration have little to no access to education. Meaning, no proper education limits their chances of getting suitable jobs.

Since access to education is a fundamental factor for an individual’s growth, the younger generation should get prioritized. The state should promote programs that will give less unfortunate people the opportunity to go to school, learn new skills, and become involved in the community’s responsibilities.


Community Empowerment

One of the most effective ways to mitigate incarceration rate is to empower communities to help themselves. Communities should be given the authority to handle internal disputes, provided they follow the state’s law and order. They must offer personal and cultural information in a formal court process within their areas. Community leaders must help the criminal justice system by being relevant and responsive to their constituents.

Given that the government system allows a specific community to use the strength of laws and culture, the aid of the existing policies must secure community aspects. These include the healing of community disputes, governing the cities, connecting with the diverse group, and strengthening individual relationships.

In the unfortunate event, records show that the communities already reached out to the government about proposing solutions to reducing crime rates within their locality but received no formal response. If the government keeps on ignoring these local policies, people can expect crime rates to increase. Sadly, that’s where incarceration will continue to inflate.


Source: defense.gov


Out Of Prison Assistance

According to data gathered by the federal statistics, there are about half of the released prisoners reentering the incarceration facility after three years. With the new prisoners and returnees crowding the prisons all over the state, there’ll be billions of dollars wasted for the facility budget allocation. That’s due to the unsystematic support that the government give to old, new, and reentering prisoners. From there, the financial inconsistency never stops.

Opportunities for ex-cons are minimal outside the premise of prison. Most companies don’t allow people with criminal records into their businesses. It is quite understandable though. However, with the lack of proper resources to survive the outside world, ex-con may go back to its old criminal ways. Without adequate assistance from the government, the process of going in and out of prison will continue. The government should allocate funds for programs that assist people back in the working society.


Source: defense.gov


Billions of dollars can support programs that might propel the nation towards prosperity. However, for people who want and deserve a second chance, education Opportunities, community empowerment and out of prison assistance must be taken care of.